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Art & Culture

Halloween Traditions Around the World

Leah Ally

Volume 4 Issue 1

November 6, 2023

Halloween Traditions Around the World

Image provided by History | A+E Networks

Halloween, celebrated on October 31st each year, is a holiday that is primarily associated with the United States and Canada. However, Halloween traditions can be found in various forms across the globe. From Mexico to Ireland, different countries have their unique customs and rituals that add a touch of cultural diversity to this international holiday. 

A country that notably has its own distinct Halloween tradition is Mexico. In Mexico, the holiday is known as Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead. Rather than being a day of fear and fright, it is a joyful celebration of deceased loved ones. Families create altars in their homes, adorned with photographs, candles, and marigolds, to honor and remember their ancestors. They also visit cemeteries to clean and decorate the graves, leaving offerings of food, drinks, and personal belongings for the spirits to enjoy. The Day of the Dead is a colorful and vibrant celebration that showcases the Mexican culture's unique perspective on death and the afterlife.

In Ireland, the birthplace of Halloween, the holiday is known as Samhain. It is believed to have originated from ancient Celtic traditions. Samhain marks the end of the harvest season and the beginning of winter. Irish people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off evil spirits. They also believed that on this night, the boundary between the living and the dead was blurred, allowing spirits to roam freely. To appease these spirits, people would leave food and drinks outside their homes. Today, Ireland continues to celebrate Halloween with bonfires, costume parties, and traditional Irish music.

Moving to Asia, we find the country of Japan, which has its own unique Halloween traditions. Halloween has gained popularity in recent years, particularly among young people. However, the Japanese celebration has a more commercial and playful nature. Halloween parties and parades are common, with people dressing up in costumes inspired by both Western and Japanese pop culture. Many shopping centers and amusement parks decorate their premises with Halloween-themed decorations, and children go trick-or-treating in their neighborhoods. While Halloween in Japan may not have deep historical roots, it has become a fun and exciting event for people of all ages.

In Germany, Halloween is celebrated with a mix of traditional customs and modern influences. One of the most notable traditions is the carving of turnips or beets into lanterns, similar to the jack-o'-lanterns made from pumpkins in the United States. These lanterns, known as "Rübengeister," are placed outside homes to ward off evil spirits. German children also go trick-or-treating, but instead of saying "trick or treat," they say "Süßes oder Saures," which translates to "sweets or sour." This playful twist adds a unique touch to the Halloween experience in Germany.

In addition to these countries, Halloween is celebrated in various other parts of the world, including Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Each country puts its own spin on the holiday, incorporating local customs and traditions. However, the common thread that runs through all these celebrations is the spirit of fun, creativity, and community.

So, Halloween is not just an American holiday; it has become a global phenomenon with diverse traditions and customs. From the joyful remembrance of ancestors in Mexico to the playful trick-or-treating in Germany, Halloween traditions around the world showcase the rich cultural tapestry of our global community. Whether it's carving pumpkins, wearing costumes, or participating in festive events, Halloween brings people together in a spirit of fun and celebration, transcending borders and uniting us in the joy of this spooky holiday. 



Sources: Halloween in Mexico: How Do They Celebrate? - JoinMyTrip Blog 

               Samhain (Samain) - The Celtic roots of Halloween ( 

               Halloween 2023 in Japan: Traditions and Where to Go | JRail Pass 

              Halloween in Germany: Traditions, customs & events ( 

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